A New Medical Discovery Could Explain the Spread of Cancer

A new network of fluid-filled channels that has been discovered in the human body appears to be a new organ with an important role in the transport of cancer cells through the body.

A New Medical Discovery Could Explain the Spread of Cancer - A new network of fluid-filled channels that has been discovered in the human body appears to be a new organ with an important role in the transport of cancer cells through the body.

According to Newscientist.com, this discovery was made by chance after a simple endoscopy – a procedure involving the introduction of a video camera probe into a person’s gastrointestinal tract.

A New Medical Discovery Could Explain the Spread of Cancer

This procedure also allows examination of the tissue inside the tract, and so surprising conclusions have been reached. The team of researchers expected the bile tract to be surrounded by a tough wall. Instead, they discovered strange patterns. We took tissue samples that were taken to the New York University School of Medicine and entrusted to pathologist Neile Theise.

A New Medical Discovery Could Explain the Spread of Cancer

He used the technique of endomicroscopy to analyze the area under the skin of his nose and came to the same result. Investigating other organs has highlighted the fact that those strange patterns are produced by a fluid that circulates through some channels present throughout the body. Theise believes that every tissue in the body is surrounded by a network of such channels that together form an organ.

The team of researchers has estimated that this organ contains 20% of the amount of liquid in the human body. “We think it works as a shock absorber,” said Theise. This organ has not been observed so far because of the standard approach to visualizing the inside of the human body that made these channels shed and the collagen fibers supporting the walls of the canals collapsed, leaving the impression of a protective tissue wall in place a channel full of liquid.

But as well as protecting organs, this network can contribute to the spread of cancer in the body. When the team led by Theise analyzed samples from people affected by invasive cancers, they found that malignant cells had created their way through these channels and thus came directly into the lymphatic system. “Once they get in, it’s as if they’re slipping on the water,” Theise said. “It is a new window through which the tumor mechanism spreads in the body.”

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